The overall aim of BIOCIDE is to determine how antibacterial biocides contribute to the development and spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria in different aquatic/marine ecosystems, and to inform and enable measures that ultimately protects human health and safe water resources for both humans and wildlife.
Generated data will include 1) exposure levels in different matrices, 2) concentrations that are likely to co-select for antibiotic resistance and promote horizontal gene transfer, 3) identification of predominant and novel genetic mechanisms for co-selection, as well as 4) a risk assessment. The knowledge created and its impact will reach well beyond the European setting.
We will provide means to guide action both at the source (approval), and in other parts of the water cycle. Predicted No Effect Concentrations and new methodology will facilitate possible future inclusion in regulatory systems, in Europe and elsewhere. The maritime sector will receive guidance to improve sustainable transports by a better understanding of potential human health risks associated with the use of antifouling agents.
- Joakim Larsson, University of Gothenburg, Sweden (Coordinator)
- Roman Grabic, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Czech Republic
- Barth Smets, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
- Frank Schreiber, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany
- Nachiket Marathe, Institute of Marine Research, Norway
- Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, University of Bucharest, Romania
- Mats Tysklind, Umeå University, Sweden