Environment: What’s the story?
So far, most efforts to tackle AMR have mostly looked at the medical and human angle. Environmental risk factors for the spread of resistant bacteria have not been assessed.
There is a lack of systematic analysis of food contamination, in particular in relation to environmental contamination. It is also unclear how current practices in food production could contribute to the spread of AMR. Plus there is no systematic programme that addresses the impact of sewage on resistance in the environment, animals, food contamination and potable water.
A holistic assessment of the contributions of pollution on the environment with antibiotics, antibiotic residues and resistant bacteria is a must. This will lead to the development of strategies to minimize environmental contamination by antibiotics and resistant bacteria.
Under the umbrella of the Strategic Research Agenda, JPIAMR, with its collaborative activities (calls, workshops, international collaboration etc) aims to:
- Perform risk assessment studies to estimate the various transmission pathways from the environment to humans
- Perform a meta-analysis of current national and international activities that are aimed at reducing the contamination of the environment by human and animal waste and by human activity with antibiotics and resistant bacteria
- Determine the exact role of various environmental reservoirs (eg surface water, soil, air) on the emergence and dissemination of AMR
- Understand the basic biological process that underlies these phenomena to develop remediate and preventative measures