Surveillance: What’s the story?
Increased human travel and migration and the transport of food and animals have led to greater spread of the genetic elements responsible for AMR. So far, crucial surveillance data is lacking. Countries have different levels of surveillance. But many simply lack a national reporting system altogether. If a country has a surveillance programme, the chances are it does not meet the needs of policy makers, professionals and researchers and hence does not serve the fight against AMR as it should. It is therefore crucial to establish an international, standardised surveillance programme for AMR and antibiotic use in human, and agricultural settings.
Why do we need better surveillance data?
- To quantify the burden of resistance
- To serve as a warning system
- To guide policy makers
- To track transmission routes
- To detect and control localised outbreaks
- To document impact of interventions and efforts to reduce AMR
Under the umbrella of the Strategic Research Agenda, JPIAMR, with its collaborative activities (calls, workshops, international collaboration etc) aims to:
- Perform operational research on the standardisation and extension of existing surveillance systems
- Carry out a pilot study on the feasibility of a global phenotypic and genotypic surveillance programme for AMR
- Initiate a surveillance programme for antibiotic use in people and animals