Niels Frimodt-Møller (1949) graduated as MD in 1975 and specialized in clinical microbiology in 1986. His medical doctoral thesis was defended in 1988. He is an adjunct professor in clinical microbiology at Aarhus University, Denmark, and works as a senior consultant at the dept. of clinical microbiology, Hvidovre Hospital in Copenhagen. His research activities have focused on antibiotics in vitro and in vivo, both with experimental animal models and clinical studies. In the later years his interest has been focused on antibiotic resistance issues, both studying resistance mechanisms and the effect of antibiotics on resistant bacteria in vivo. He has collaborated on a number of EU FP-research programmes. The research has been published in over 300 peer reviewed papers and more than 400 congress abstracts, posters and oral presentations. He has supervised more than 20 doctoral theses or PhD´s, and he has been external reviewer of more than 30 PhDs in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Lithuania. He has been involved also in monitoring antibiotic resistance and antibiotic consumption both in Denmark and in Europe. He was a cofounder of the Danish monitoring system, DANMAP, and has represented Denmark in various antibiotic resistance programmes and advisory groups in the EU, ECDC and ESCMID. He is a present board member at the Danish National Research Foundation, the Danish National Antibiotic Board under the Ministry of Health and several other funding and advisory boards.