The Swedish government recognizes the threat of antimicrobial resistance and is committed to combat AMR both nationally and internationally, and has been a strong advocate for international cooperation for AMR research. Sweden launched an “Alliance of Champions” at the World Health Assembly 2015. By signing a Call to Action, the health ministers agreed to promote political awareness, engagement and leadership on AMR among heads of state, other ministers and global leaders, and call for a high-level meeting in the United Nations General Assembly. The high level meeting took place September 21st of 2016 (see program) resulting in a Draft Political Declaration of the high-level Meeting of the General Assembly on Antimicrobial Resistance.
The Swedish action plans and strategies for AMR are available at the National AMR Plans Library page. The 2016 Research and Innovation Bill includes a 10-year national research program on antibiotic resistance to further strengthen Sweden’s efforts in this important field.
Sweden has taken on a leading role in the JPIAMR, proposing AMR as one of the prioritized topics for Joint Programming and chairing the Management Board for the first 5 years. The Swedish Research Council (SRC) is hosting the JPIAMR Secretariat with support from the European Commission (EC). The secretariat coordinates and assists all JPIAMR activities and facilitates communication between the different bodies within the Initiative. It also manages the budget, reporting to the European Commission as well maintaining links and external communication to international initiatives, other countries, the industry, and the public.
The SRC is the coordinator of several EC-funded research instruments and support actions related to the JPIAMR. In the coordination and support action EXEDRA (2017-2020), the SRC is responsible for overall management, coordination, and communication. The SRC is also involved in long-term strategy for governance and sustainability of the JPI, as well as the globalization of the initiative. The SRC also coordinates the ERA-Net Cofund JPI-EC-AMR (2015-2020) where both the SRC and the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas) take part in the joint transnational calls.
Sweden also participates in several international programs and initiatives relevant for AMR, such as “ReACT – Action on Antibiotic Resistance” where the main funder is the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).